From John Ray's shorter notes
June 05, 2015
"Slavery" in Australia
The Kanakas were NOT slaves. They were contracted labourers. They were Melanesians so recruitment of them is sometimes referred to as 'Blackbirding'. Emelda Davis, a Kanaka descendant says below that the shame of it is yet to be acknowledged in Australia .
I fail to see what she is whining about. She decries the recruiting of Kanakas from their islands and then decries sending them back. Can she have it both ways? Not that I can see.
The undesirability of recruiting Pacific islanders to work in tropical Australia most certainly HAS been acknowledged in Australia. One of the first acts of the Australian Federal parliament was to pass a law prohibiting the practice and vigorous efforts were then made to return the Kanakas to the islands from whence they came. Is that not acknowledgement enough or is some breastbeating now needed over 100 years later?
The Kanakas often went into hiding (sometimes among Aborigines) to AVOID being returned to Kanaky. What does that tell us about the "cruelty" of bringing them to Australia? They obviously thought that the "cruelty" was worthwhile. Not many avoided being returned but Emelda Davis is the descendant of some who did. She should be thankful that her ancestors realized when they were on a good wicket
As for the Leftist myth that the recruitment of Kanakas was akin to slavery, it was anything but -- as responsible historians like Veliz and Windschuttle have pointed out, using documents from the time. See here and here
Leftist historians are determined to convince us that our ancestors were brutes. They were not. If you want to find out what they were really like read Lawson's poem about the bullockies. They were the men who opened up Australia to economic development and civilization. My late grandfather was a bullocky and I remember him as being exactly like what Lawson described. Unlike Leftist historians, Lawson knew what he was talking about. He knew such men
As a second generation descendant of South Sea Islanders (kanaks) who were ruthlessly recruited (blackbirded) to serve in the most appalling conditions as plantation workers in the sugar industry of Australia, I am part of a family of activists who have sought to attain recognition and social justice for my people.
More than 55,000 people, mostly men, were brought from Vanuatu, the Solomons and eighty surrounding islands under what Australia called the indentured labour trade, which was akin to slavery. They were first brought to NSW in 1847 with an influx to Queensland between 1863 and 1904.
My grandfather was taken off the island of Tana in what is now the Tafea Province of Vanuatu in the late 1800s. He was one of the many children whose birth right of freedom was stripped from him at the age of 12 when he was taken to work in the sugar cane fields. He never returned home. The experience and belief of our South Sea Islander communities, passed down through oral histories, is that our forefathers were enslaved regardless of the pretence of contracts. Most definitely this was a legal framework for what was in fact criminal activity, which saw the early deaths of 30 per cent of these "labour recruits", buried in unmarked graves across north-eastern Australia.
It was illegal to bring children under the age of 16 unless accompanied by an adult. However, there are many community stories - including my grandfather's - which contradict those regulations.
In the 1995 documentary Sugar Slaves, my grandfather's story is told by his eldest surviving daughter, Phyllis Corowa. She describes how he escaped deportation from Australia by the 1901 Pacific Island Labourers Act, which inhumanely deported 7000 people en masse, tearing established families and loved ones apart after 40 years living in Australia.
University of Queensland professor Clive Moore has recently written of this; the wages of 15,000 deceased Islanders were used for this deportation and the low and hard-earned wages of the Islanders were used to pay part of their fare to return to the islands that in some cases had seen their entire male population kidnapped.
This was a cruel, heartless process and one of shame to all Australians.
It gives me great pleasure, however, to know that the efforts of my grandfather and our kanaka men and women contributed significantly to building the strong foundations of the sugar, pastoral and maritime industries in Australia and that we are now the third largest sugar provider in the world as well as being one of the wealthiest countries.
Our lobbying has been arduous and has fallen on deaf ears with trinkets of acknowledgement and funding. Our community is 40,000 strong, with 60 per cent Torres Strait Islanders of South Sea Islander descent due to the "labour trade" and the "Coming of the Light" (Christianity) via missionaries, and also east coast Aboriginal Australians, since 40 per cent of whom are married into or have Islander heritage.
Faith Bandler and our patron, the Honourable Bonita Mabo, are amongst the most distinguished of our elders and activists.
Part of our work is to establish a forum to assist Islander communities in the Pacific to gain access to meaningful work opportunities in Australia and to reconnect with our disposed families.
We have a long way to go for the successful establishment of the Islander people within that of the great nation of Australia. It is journey to empowerment that I am proud to be part of.
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