From John Ray's shorter notes
June 25, 2015
Consensus! Children raised by same-sex parents are no different from those in traditional families
The article below is very naive. I could have told you before I read it what the consensus among researchers would be -- and the authors found just that -- and nothing more. A consensus among a group of people simply tells you what those people at that time want to believe. It tells you nothing about the facts. Only evidence can tell you about the facts. And there was no critical scrutiny of the evidence in this study. And that was certainly needed in this case.
What for instance are we to make of a large 2012 study that arrived at very different conclusions? To quote: "The results reveal numerous, consistent differences, especially between the children of women who have had a lesbian relationship and those with still-married (heterosexual) biological parents". Which conclusion is right? We have no means of knowing from the study below.
So what the study below tells you is something about the biases of current social science researchers. It tells you nothing about its alleged subject. It simply tells you what the current intellectual fashion is
I follow the article below with the journal abstract
Scientists agree that children raised by same-sex couples are no worse off than children raised by parents of the opposite sex, according to a new study co-authored by a University of Oregon professor.
The new research looked at 19,000 studies and articles related to same-sex parenting from 1977 to 2013.
It comes as the U.S. Supreme Court is set to rule by the end of this month on whether same-sex marriage is legal.
'Consensus is overwhelming in terms of there being no difference in children who are raised by same-sex or different- sex parents,' University of Oregon sociology professor Ryan Light said on Tuesday.
Light, who co-authored the study with Jimi Adams of the University of Colorado at Denver, said the study may be too late to affect the court's ruling this month but he hopes it will have an impact on future cases.
'I hope we'll see acceptance of gay marriage of the courts and by the public at large,' he said.
The studies, Light said, showed some disagreement among scientists on the outcome of same-sex parenting in the 1980s but it largely subsided in the 1990s, and a clear consensus had formed by 2000 that there is no difference between same-sex and different-sex parenting in the psychological, behavioral or educational outcomes of children.
'Across the board we find the iterative suggests there's no significant differences,' Light said.
'To our knowledge this is the most comprehensive analysis of this type on this issue.'
Gary Gates, Research Director at the Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, said although several review articles have made arguments that there is a consensus that the gender of the parents does not matter, he was not aware of any other in-depth study of this nature.
'That to me actually sounds like a fairly novel approach and I'm not sure that others have done it,' he said.
He said he believes the argument that same-sex parents are less adequate than heterosexual parents has largely been taken out of the legal debates. But he said it's always possible that it could come up.
'We'll see what happens in the Supreme Court argumentation,' he said.
'We find that the literature on outcomes for children of same-sex parents is marked by scientific consensus that they experience “no differences” compared to children from other parental configurations,' the pair wrote.
Scientific consensus, the law, and same sex parenting outcomes
By jimi adams & Ryan Light
While the US Supreme Court was considering two related cases involving the constitutionality of same-sex marriage, one major question informing that decision was whether scientific research had achieved consensus regarding how children of same-sex couples fare. Determining the extent of consensus has become a key aspect of how social science evidence and testimony is accepted by the courts. Here, we show how a method of analyzing temporal patterns in citation networks can be used to assess the state of social scientific literature as a means to inform just such a question. Patterns of clustering within these citation networks reveal whether and when consensus arises within a scientific field. We find that the literature on outcomes for children of same-sex parents is marked by scientific consensus that they experience “no differences” compared to children from other parental configurations.
Social Science Research, Volume 53, September 2015, Pages 300–310.
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