From John Ray's shorter notes
February 05, 2015
Another confirmation: Unusually hot weather in Australia goes back a long way
Australia's notorious BoM has made various declarations to the effect that modern-day temperatures in Australia are unprecedentedly high. A recent very hot summer in Sydney was particularly targeted as "proof" of global warming. So it is interesting to find records of Sydney weather centuries ago. We do of course have the observations by Watkin Tench showing that Sydney had disastrously hot weather in 1790 but other sources of data are obviously very welcome. We now have a compilation from two other early sources. See the abstract below.
The compilation was done by Warmist scientists so it is amusing that they make no direct comparisons between average temperatures then and average temperatures now. From what Tench reported it is a slam dunk what to conclude from that. The authors do however concede that the general picture of weather events in Sydney in the late 18th century is extremely similar to the picture these days. So I think it is safe to conclude that there has been no warming in Sydney for over 200 years. I wonder how global warming missed Sydney?
A climate reconstruction of Sydney Cove, New South Wales, using weather journal and documentary data, 1788–1791
Joëlle Gergis et al.
This study presents the first analysis of the weather conditions experienced at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, during the earliest period of the European settlement of Australia. A climate analysis is presented for January 1788 to December 1791 using daily temperature and barometric pressure observations recorded by William Dawes in Sydney Cove and a temperature record kept by William Bradley on board the HMS Sirius anchored in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) in the early months of the First Fleet’s arrival in Australia. Remarkably, the records appear comparable with modern day measurements taken from Sydney Observatory Hill, displaying similar daily variability, a distinct seasonal cycle and considerable inter-annual variability.
To assess the reliability of these early weather data, they were cross-verified with other data sources, including anecdotal observations recorded in First Fleet documentary records and independent palaeoclimate reconstructions. Some biases in the temperature record, likely associated with the location of the thermometer, have been identified. Although the 1788–1791 period experienced a marked La Niņa to El Niņo fluctuation according to palaeoclimatic data, the cool and warm intervals in Sydney over this period cannot be conclusively linked to El Niņo– Southern Oscillation (ENSO) conditions. This study demonstrates that there are excellent opportunities to expand our description of pre-20th century climate variability in Australia while contributing culturally significant material to the emerging field of Australian environmental history.
Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 58 (2009) 83-98
Go to John Ray's Main academic menu
Go to Menu of longer writings
Go to John Ray's basic home page
Go to John Ray's pictorial Home Page
Go to Selected pictures from John Ray's blogs